An adjective is a word used to qualify a noun or pronoun. or Definition An adjective (and its types) modifies a noun it describes the quality, state, size, quantity, action and characteristic etc. of a noun or pronoun.
- She is a beautiful woman.
- Aviraj is handsome and intelligent.
- He has a big house.
- It is a charming scenery.
- He is rich.
(Here beautiful, handsome and intelligent, big, charming, rich is used for woman, Aviraj, house, scenery and he)
Note: More than one adjective can also be used for a single noun or pronoun in one sentence.
Use of adjective
There is two usages of adjectives:
- Attribute use: When we use adjective before the use of the noun is known as attribute use.
Ex: He has a green pen. , She was an intelligent girl.
- Predicate use: When we use adjective after the use of noun which means when it tells about noun or pronoun in the predicate part of a sentence is known as predicate use.
Ex: She was industrious, Ramesh babu is intelligent.
Some uses of adjectives:
|Attribute use||Predicate use|
|Raju is an honest boy||Raju is honest|
|He was a laborious man.||He was laborious.|
|America has a big army.||America is big.|
|This is a red colour.||This colour is red.|
Kinds of adjectives
- Adjective of quality or qualitative adjective
Ex- Good, bad, red, black, tall, short, beautiful, ugly, long etc.
- Aviraj is a tall boy
- He is a foolish boy.
- She is a beautiful girl.
- I write with an old pen.
- Adjective of quantity or quantitative adjective
Ex- Some, any, no, little, much, all, whole, enough, sufficient, none, most etc.
- Aviraj has much money
- He has lost his wealth.
- She has a lot of coffee.
- There is a little water in a glass
- Adjective of number or numeral adjectives
Ex-One, two, three….etc., Next, last, first, second, third…etc., many, few, various, some, all, sufficient, no, none, most, whole, enough, several etc.
- I have three rooms
- The two sisters have left for London
- There are forty students in the class
- Definite adjective of number
Ex- one, two, first, second…..etc
- I have two brothers
- P. Jawaharlal Nehru is the first prime minister of India
(i). Cardinal adjective
(One, two, three, four, five, six, etc.)
- He has four pens
- She has two toys
- Have you, two sisters
- Aviraj babu has only one doubt
(ii). Ordinal objectives
(Next, last, first, second, third, fourth, fifth…etc)
- The first chapter of this book is Statics.
- Who will be the next chief minister of U.P?
- Indefinite adjectives of number
(Some, many, few, most)
- Some books are duplicate
- Many students are laborious
- I have a few pens
- Most boys are single
- Proper adjective
Ex- Indian, American, Chinese, Japanese, Russian, etc.
|Proper Nouns||Proper Adjectives|
- Possessive Adjective
Ex- My, our, your, his, her, its, their etc.
- That is my car
- This is my pen
- These are his books
- These are our chairs
- Distributive Adjective
Ex- Each, every, either, neither
- Each girl has a book
- Every man is emotional
- Either book is yours
- Neither boy is handsome
- Demonstrative Adjective
Ex- This, that, those, these, such, the some, some, any, a certain, certain, any other, other, another.
- This book is red.
- That pen is red
- This boy is honest
- Those books are good
- Interrogative Adjective
Ex- What, which, whose.
- Which pen is yours?
- Whose pen is yours?
- What book do you want to read?
- Whose pen is this?
- Emphasizing Adjective or emphatic adjective
Ex- Own, very.
- He saw his beloved on the road with his own eyes
- She killed her husband before his very eyes.
- Exclamatory adjective
- What an ugly woman!
- What a big fool!
Some adjectives words of Noun:
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