Conjunction | Grammar | Definition of Conjunction

spoken English Tips

A conjunction is a word which joins two or more than two words, phrases, clauses or sentences.

Ex- 

  • Geeta and Babita went to market.
  • Rakesh gave me a book and a pen.
  • I went to see her but she was not there.
  • Give me tea or coffee.

CONJUNCTIONS

  1. And

aur

Rahul and Prakash have come

  1. As well as

Aur  bhi, tatha

He scold me as well as abused me

  1. otherwise

Nahi to

Labour hard, otherwise you will fail

  1. Or else

Nahi to

Hurry up, or else you will miss the train

  1. therefore

Atah, ishliye, falatah

Mr. KK is ill therefore he has not come

  1. So

Atah, ishliye, falatah

I reached the airport late, so I miss the plane

  1. Hence

Atah, ishliye, falatah

He has no money hence he cannot help you

  1. consequently

Atah, ishliye, falatah

She is weak in Engish consequently she has got plucked

  1. Either……..or

Ya to……..ya

Either you or your brother stole my watch

  1. Neither……..nor

Na to…….na

He is neither my friend nor my enemy

  1. Both……..and

Aur…….bhi

I both have love and honour him

  1. So…………..that

Itna…………..ki

He is so weak so that he could not walk

  1. Too…………….to

Itna……………ki

She is too tired to work

  1. So……………….as

Itna…….jitna ki

He is not so rich as he appears to be

  1. Whether………or

Chahe……….ya

I did not care whether you go or stay

  1. As……………so

Jaisa…………..waisa ki

As is the child, so is the man

  1. As soon as

Jyonhi…………..tyonhi

As soon as the thief saw the police, he ran away

  1. But

Par, parantu,lekin,kintu

I wanted to go there but not now

  1. Or

Yaa,athawa,nahi to

Go at once, or you will miss the train

  1. No sooner…….than

Jyonhi……….tyonhi

No sooner  does he arrive than he begins to work

  1. Hardly…….when

Muskil se……….ki

He had hardly reached the station when it begin to rain

  1. Scarcely………when

Muskil se……….ki

I scarcely reached the school when the bell rang

  1. Not only……but also

Kewal.…hi nahi……balki

Aviraj not only gave me advice but also helped me with money

  1. where

Jahan

Stay where you are

  1. Wherever

Jahan kahin bhi

Wherever you go, you will get respected

  1. Whence

Jahan se/ kahan se

He went whence he had come

  1. When

Jab

When the cat is away, the mice play

  1. Whenever

Chahe kabhi, jab chahe, kisi bhi awasar par

Come whenever you please

  1. Till or until

Jabtak………..tabtak

He won’t leave this place till/until you promise to help him

  1. While

Jabtak……….tabtak

Strike the iron while it is hot

  1. Because

Kyonki

He did not go to school because he was ill

  1. As

Kyonki

As you were not there, I came back

  1. Since

Chunki

Since you say so, I believe it

  1. That

Taki, ki

We eat that we may live

  1. Lest

Taki……n, aisa n ho…ki

Walk carefully lest you should fail

  1. Such………..that

Itna………….ki

He is such a good man that all respect him

  1. If

Yadi

If you go, I shall stay at home

  1. Unless

Jabtak…..tabtak,yadi..nahi

You will not pass unless you work hard

  1. Provided

Basarte……………ki

I will trust you provided you tell the truth

  1. As………….if

Mano……………ki

He ran as if the devils were after him

  1. Though

Fir bhi / thaapi

Though he is poor, he is honest

  1. Although

Fir bhi / thaapi

He is an honest man although he is not rich

  1. However

Chahe kitni  hi, halanki

However, he is bad but does good work

  1. As……….as

Uthna……………jitna

He as strong as I

  1. No less than

Apechhakrit kam nahi

I like you no less than her

  1. Whereas

Virodhi bhawna me, jabki

He is very gentle whereas his brother is very rude

  1. Nevertheless

To bhi

He was not invited, nevertheless he went to attend the party

  1. As though

Visay me, bare me, mano

He talks as though he is highly educated

  1. How

Kaise, kis prakar

How did you talk to him?

  1. However

Kuch bhi ho, kitna bhi

However, he decided to go

  1. Yet (adj.)

Abtak, jabtak, abhi tak

They have not gone yet

  1. As yet

Iss samay tak

As yet he is silent on this point

  1. Not yet

Abhi nahi

May I go home now? No, not yet.

  1. Yet (conj.)

Fir bhi

She is haughty and foolish, and yet people like her

  1. As (conj.)

Tab , uss samay

I saw him as he was getting down the train

  1. As to

Visay me

As to your brother, I will deal with him later on.

  1. So as  to

Iss wajah se

He stood up so as to see better

  1. As for as

Jahan tak

He is a good man as for as I know

  1. As (adv.)

Usi prakar se, utna

He is as tall as you.

Kinds of conjunction

Mainly, there are two types of conjunctions:-

  • Coordinating conjunctions: A coordinating conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or sentences. When a coordinating conjunction joins together two sentences, the resulting sentence is called a compound sentence.
    (And, but, or, nor, for, so, as well as, either….or, neither…..nor, not only……but also, both…….and, therefore……then, no less than, otherwise, or else, still, nevertheless, yet etc.)

EX:-

  • Rahul and Vijay were playing volleyball.
  • You and I are students.
  • Prity and I went to Jaynagar.
  • I love you and your brothers.
  • My father is poor but honest.
  • He speaks loudly and fluently.
  • The frog lives in water and on land.
  • Sumit is good but her father is bad.
  • Subordinate conjunctions: The subordinate conjunction is a type of conjunction that connects or joins an independent clause with a subordinate clause.

Subordinate conjunction is a word or phrases that connect a dependent clause to an independent clause.

(How, once, before, if, since, till/until, when, where, whether, although, because, provided that, as soon as, even if, supposing, unless, whenever, in order that, only etc.)

Ex- 

  • Prity was fined as she came late.
  • If he comes, I shall go.
  • Prity is honest, though she is rich.
  • Although it was rainy, I went out.
  • You will fail unless you work hard.
  • I do not know where she lives.

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