Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers | Active Passive Voice

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Learn Active and passive voice examples with answers. Voice is what describes the relationship between the Subject and Verb that expresses the action. In Active voice, the subject appears to be doing the action. In Passive voice, the subject appears to be receiving the action.

In English Grammar, Verbs are the words to show the action. Verbs have five properties i.e known as a person, number, voice, mood, and tense. We’re talking about voice here. The active and passive voices are the two grammatical voices.

Now, coming to the point. This is the only article where you will come to know complete details about Active and passive read this post entirely, I ‘swear’ you will not disappoint.

active passive voice

Active and Passive Voice

Voice, As we know voice means sound. In simple words ‘Voice’ says that a sentence can be spoken in different ways.


He writes a letter A letter is written by him.

In this sentence subject (letter) is not working but work has been completed by him which works as an agent.

Why do we Need to Learn Active and Passive voice?

Now, most people think that why do we need to learn voice? What is its importance? let’s understand with an example.

We can relate to our daily life. As you want variety in your food. Suppose you will be provided only Rice and Pulse and only one kind of vegetable, I don’t think you will like this types of meals.

So what you do you changes your meals your food evening, morning in daily routine. That’s why English is also like that it needs variety. And if you speak English using active passive voice, It seems like a professional English speaker.

Now the question is How can I learn active and passive voice easily? So, you don’t need to Read this complete article. Learn Here Active and passive voice examples

What is the difference between Active Voice and Passive

Here are the differences between active voice and passive voice.

Active and Passive Voice

Active voice

Active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the
verb. The active voice has a forceful, direct, and unambiguous tone in its sentences.

In other words, you may understand that whatever we have learned till now like tenses, sentences, or translations all are in active voice.

The active voice has a forceful, direct, and unambiguous tone in its sentences. Here are a few simple and brief examples of active voice.

Active Voice Examples

1. Sanju and Ravi make noise.

2. Children like sweets.

3. We respect him.

4. A boy is teaching.

5. He is learning to program.

Above all the sentences are Active voice examples and have structures: Subject + Verb + Object.

From the first sentence Sanju and Ravi are the subject and performs the action described by noise (verb). The subject Childreen performs the action described by Sweets. The subject He performs the action described by Respect. The subject a boy performs the action described by teaching. The subject He performs the action described by program.

Subjects actions are: make, like, respect, teacing, learning. It means subject always reminds “action”.

Passive voice

What is passive voice?

A sentence is in the passive voice. The subject is being acted opon, tell us what is done to someone or something.

Diffinition: A verb is said to be in passive voice when the person or thing denoted by the subject does not act, but suffers the action done by someone

Passive voice Examples

1. Noise is made by Sanju and Ravi.

2. Sweets are kiked by childreen.

3. He is respected.

4. A boy is taught.

5. Program is learnt by Him.

active and passive voice

When we should use active verbs?

When the subject works as a doer then the sentence should be in active voice. Commonly we use sentences in active voice.

Ex- He has gone from here.

When we should use the Passive verb?

  • When we say something other person in our language. 
  • When it is obvious to the listener or reader who the agent is:
  • When a work has been completed by other person but we don’t know about him then we use Passive Voice

Example: A postman was instructed, A lots of money stolen by a thief, Mr. Mahatma Gandhi has said that everyone should be polite.

How to change Active voice into passive voice?

  • Find Subject, Object and Verb in a Sentence.
  • Find the Tense of the sentence.


 A.V — S (Subject)+ V (Verb) + O (Object)

 P.V — O (Object) + V (Verb) + S (Subject)

Rules to change active voice into passive voice with Examples:

1.  Use Object as a subject of the sentence.

A.V- He eats panipuri

P.V- Panipuri is eaten by him.

2. Subject works as an agent and before that we use By to change active voice in to passive voice.

Note: In most of cases it is not always used by to change into passive voice.


Police arrested thief.

Theif was arrested.

In these type of sentences it is not necessary to use By just because of It is their official work.

3. In Active sentences If object is in the form of Objective case then by changing into passive voice Objective case changed into Nominative case. And Subject of active voice changed into Objective case.

For example :

I beat him. — A.V

He is beaten by me. — P.V


Nominative CaseObjective Case
We us 

4. Subject Someone, somebody, nobody, people or any uncertain noun/pronoun cannot use in passive voice so discard these words when you change into passive.


    A.V- Someone has broken my heart.

    P.V-  My heart has been broken.

5. Helping verbs of the sentence should be changed by Subject of the sentence, and the main verb always changed into V3 form(Past participle).


1. I like him.

He is liked by me.

2. He played Football.

Football was payed by him.

3. I love to eat mango.

Mango is loved by me.

4. He has completed his work

Work has been completed by him.

6. Only Transitive verb can be changed into passive voice, not intransivive.


He laughs.

“It is intransitive, it does not include object that’s why it cannot be changed into passive voice.”

How to change into passive voice with 2 objects?

In active voice if there is two object then change one object as passive voice use as a subject  and retained second object of active voice as a object as passive voice.

Example :

She gave me a pen. (Active)

(i) I was given a pen by her. Or

7. It is useless to change into passive voice of these sentences

  • Present perfect continuous tense.
  • Past perfect continuous tense.
  • Future perfect continuous tense.
  • Future continuous tense.

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