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Present Perfect Tense (May 2022)

The present perfect tense is used to talk about events in the recent past that still has an effect on the present moment. It is formed with “have” and a past participle It means “Verb 3rd form”. read copletely about Present Perfect Tense.

It is a grammatical mix of present tense and past aspect that depicts an action that occurred in the present. It is simply a link between the present and past tenses.

The present perfect can be used to talk about the past in a number of different ways:

  • To give new information or news.
  • To talk about a repeated action that continues to happen over a period of time.
  • To talk about an event that started in the past and is still happening now.

Examples:

  • Hii! I have arrived in Bengaluru. My plain arrived 5 minutes ago
  • I have visited London every summer since I was 20.
  • Alisha has gone on a trip to New York.

Present perfect tense Examples

  • I’ve spoken to him three times this week.
  • How long have you known john?
  • Have you ever visited Spain?
  • She has already read that book
  • Our team has just won the match.
  • She has worked here since January.
  • The flight has not arrived yet.
  • Have you ever eaten Mango?
  • How long have you known each other?

How to Form Present perfect tense?

present perfect tense

Examples:

  • I have seen that movie.
  • I have found my key.
  • I have finished my homework.
  • I have cooked dinner.
  • They have lived here since 2012.
  • I have just sent the email.

Regular Past participles: regular past participles are formed by adding “-ed” to the base form.

AskAsked
CallCalled
HelpHelped
NeedNeed
PlayPlay
TalkTalk
WalkWalk
WantWant
WatchWatch
WorkWork

Irregular Past participles: In English has a lot of irregular past participles, which sometimes look very different from the base form. Present Perfect Tense

Bebeen
Buybought
Comecome
Dodone
Havehad
Givegiven
Gogone
Makemade
Saysaid
Seeseen

Gone/Been: “Be” and “Go” are both used in the present perfect to talk about going somewhere, but they have different meanings.

Examples:

  • I haven’t seen Alina recently. Where is she?
  • She is still in Florida

Present perfect in us English

US English often uses the past simple when UK English would use the present perfect.

1. No dessert for me! I ate too much. (US)

No dessert for me! I’ve eaten too much. (UK)

2. I cant find my passport. Did you see it? (US)

I cant’t find my passport. Have you seen it? (UK)

Structures for present present perfect sentences

present perfect tense

Sentence Structure and Rules

There are four ways to write any sentence or declaration in the present continuous tense:

  1. Simple Statements
    {Subject + have/has + verb (v3) + object
    }
  2. Negative statements
    {Subject + have/has + not + verb (v3) + object
    }
  3. Yes/no type question statements
    {have/has + subject + verb (v3) + object + ?
    }
  4. Wh- type question statements
    {Wh- type word + have/has + subject + verb (v3) + object + ?
    }

Examples of Present Prefect tense

  1. He has gone to market for grocery. (positive)
  2. She has come for her diary (positive)
  3. They have done their work properly (positive)
  4. She has not come till now (negative)
  5. Has she gone to the market? (question)
  6. What have you done so far? (wh question)

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Present Perfect Tense

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